In vedic astrology, the term “Yoga” implies a specific combination and/or disposition of planets which are supposed to generate specific results for the nativity. And, these Yogas can be good as well as bad; for example, there are good yogas like Dhana yogas (related to Wealth) or Raj Yogas (related to Power and Authority) Yogas; and, there are bad Yogas like Daridra Yoga (Poverty). Sometimes, one may get confused or delighted when the astrologer, whom he or she is consulting, comes up with such terminology like, “there is a Dardira Yoga in your horoscope” or like, “you are having a Raj Yoga”. And, if you take this seriously, you may lack in proper understanding of your horoscope. I, personally, avoid using such terminology in my consultations; and, instead, try to offer a clear perspective on specific aspects of horoscope like Marriage, Profession, Finance etc.
The primary objective of these terms, ‘Dhana Yoga’ or ‘Raj Yoga’ etc. is for learning purpose; while, for a layman seeking astrological advice, use of these terms should be kept as minimum as possible. This is so because it works more towards in generating a happy or sad feeling (depending upon which type of Yoga is present in your horoscope); while, this may not serve any significant purpose on practical grounds. Like, you may be looking to know about professional prospects of your horoscope. On ground level, the prominent and practical questions, which needed to be addressed, are related to stability, security and growth in profession. And, for addressing this, one may need to be specific both in questions as well as answers. The appeasement therapy of showering good looking words like you have a Raj Yoga or Dhana Yoga may, sometimes, also create unwarranted problems; and, except a happy feeling (which may not sustain longer), nothing much can be achieved.
Having said that I also feel that such behavior or expectations are also quite natural; and, sometimes, people do want to hear positive things, which make them feel special. In this and forthcoming articles, I will try to explain the concept as well as application of these yogas in horoscope readings so that you may have at least some basic idea about it and have some realistic approach. Although, there are many authentic ancient texts on vedic astrology; I will be quoting “Phaladeepika” for the reference. Written by renowned Sage Mantreshwara, Phaladeepika offers a very potent and clear explanation of the vedic astrology principles. The sixth and seventh chapters of Phaladeepika extensively deal with different types of Yogas in a horoscope. So, without wasting any more time, let’s get started.
Chapter six commences with mentioning of Pancha Mahapurusha Yogas, which are formed on the basis of specific dispositions of five planets viz. Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn. These Yogas are based upon elemental aspect of these five planets as per which the elements Fire, Earth, Space, Water and Air are represented by Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn respectively. I have already explained about the application of these specific Yogas in detail in my previous posts; and, the related links are mentioned below for quick reference.
- Horoscope Readings of Ruchak Yoga by Mars
- Horoscope Readings of Bhadra Yoga by Mercury
- Horoscope Readings of Hamsa Yoga by Jupiter
- Horoscope Readings of Malavya Yoga by Venus
- Horoscope Readings of Shasha Yoga by Saturn
After Pancha Mahapursha Yogas, the Sage defines four astrology yogas based upon the Moon. These are Anfa Yoga, Sunfa Yoga, Durdhra Yoga and Kemdrum Yoga; and, I believe many of the avid readers might have heard a lot of Kemdrum Yoga. These four Yogas are based upon mutual disposition of the Moon with Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn; and, the Sun and Nodes (Rahu and Ketu) are excluded to be considered in forming of these Yogas. In other words, these yogas/combinations are formed in Moon Chart (Chandra Kundali).
Anfa Yoga: Anfa yoga is said to be formed in a horoscope when the twelfth house from the Moon is occupied by any of these five planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn); and, there are no planets in the second house from the Moon. As per traditional approach, a person born with Anfa Yoga will be good looking, virtuous (good character), patient and happy. He will be blessed with materialistic prosperity; and, will enjoy healthy physique.
Sunfa Yoga: If the second house from the Moon is occupied by any of these five planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn)and, the twelfth house is empty; it generates Sunfa Yoga. As per traditional horoscope readings; person born in Sunfa Yoga will be King or equivalent to King. He will be intelligent, wealthy and famous.
Durdhra Yoga: When both (second and twelfth houses of the Moon’s Chart) are occupied by any of these planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn); this will form Durdhra Yoga. As per traditional approach, Durdhra Yoga blesses with happiness, peace and prosperity. The native will be philanthropist and wealthy; will enjoy all sorts of materialistic pleasures and may have many vehicles at his disposal.
Kemdrum Yoga: If both second and twelfth houses from the Moon are empty i.e. no planets are placed in second as well as in twelfth house from the Moon; this constitutes Kemdrum Yoga. Traditional horoscope readings of this Yoga are told to be highly inauspicious in nature as per which the native born with Kemdrum Yoga will be unhappy and miserable. He will be poor, may not have any status or importance in the society; and, may have to do mean jobs or work under control of other persons.
Comments: The practical application of these yogas aren’t observed to be much affirmative and fruitful though; and, one may find many horoscopes wherein the results of these Yogas are absent or contrary results are there. For example, a person may be having Anfa Yoga but he may still suffer from bad health or poverty; or, you may find a person having Kemdrum Yoga in his vedic horoscope; but he may still be enjoying the riches. The primary reason behind this is that these yogas are based upon the mutual planetary disposition between the Moon and other planets; and, because the Moon remains in one zodiac sign (Rashi) for around two days (Moon completes one cycle over all zodiac signs approximately in 27 days 8 hours and 45 minutes during which its stay in one zodiac sign remains operational for around 55 hours. Sometimes, it remains in one zodiac sign for 50 hours and sometimes it takes around 60 hours to cross one zodiac sign depending upon the length of zodiac sign); and, therefore, the chances of almost every one (born during those two days) having same disposition of the Moon and respective planets (generating above mentioned yogas) are quite high.
For example, lets examine the horoscope of Ben Affleck (born on 15 August 1972 2:50 AM at Berkeley, California, USA) in this regard. As we can see the Moon is occupying fifth house in Libra zodiac sign (Tula Rashi); and, the second and twelfth houses from the Moon are empty generating Kemdrum Yoga. Now, if we dig a bit more into this, we can easily observe that the Moon entered into Libra zodiac sign (Tula Rashi) around 4:20 AM on 14 August 1972 and remained there till 4:38 PM on 16 August 1972 (i.e. for around 60 hours). And, during this whole stay of the Moon in Libra zodiac (Tula Rashi), the adjacent houses i.e. Virgo zodiac (Kanya Rashi) and Scorpio zodiac (Vrishchika Rashi) were empty. And, if we start applying the Yoga (Kemdrum) based upon this mutual disposition of the Moon with other planets; then, all persons born during those 60 hours should be considered to suffer from inauspicious and malefic results of Kemdrum Yoga i.e. all will be poor, unhappy and miserable. Needless to say but this won’t be the actual case; and, even in the horoscope of Ben Affleck, the Yoga does not hold true.
Some learned scholars as well as some classical texts have mentioned about some conditions for cancellation of Kemdrum Yoga like if the Moon is having union with some planet; or, there is some planet placed in Kendra bhava from the Moon or natal chart, the Kemdrum Yoga won’t be applicable. However, the point I am trying to explain is that irrespective of these conditions, the mutual planetary disposition of the Moon and other planets is likely to remain the same (in most cases). And, whether it (Moon) forms a good yoga (like Anfa, Sunfa or Durdhra), the results cannot be the same for all persons taking birth during the stay of the Moon (for around 55 to 60 hours) in a specific zodiac sign.
For example, take another horoscope of Steve Jobs (born on 24 February 1955 in San Francisco, USA in Leo Ascendant/Simha Lagna). We can see that the second house from the Moon is occupied by Mars in its own zodiac sign (Aries/Mesha Rashi); and, as per the literal definition of these Yogas, Sunfa Yoga is taking place in Steve Jobs horoscope. As per the results of Sunfa Yoga, the person born with such yoga will be king or equal to king; and will be intelligent, wealthy and famous. And, all these auspicious and positive results of Sunfa Yoga did occurred in the life of Steve Jobs. (A detailed explanation of Steve Jobs horoscope can be read over here.)
But, is it only the formation of Sunfa Yoga which generated such results; or, there were some other reasons too? I am saying so because if the credit of all these auspicious results is to be assigned to Sunfa Yoga; then, all persons born between 06:34 PM 23 February 1955 to 9:23 pm 25 February 1955 should have had the similar positive results of Sunfa Yoga. During this time frame of around 51 hours (between 06:34 PM 23 February 1955 to 9:23 pm 25 February 1955), the Moon remained in Pisces zodiac (Meena Rashi); and, the mutual disposition of the Moon and Mars (Mars placed in second house from the Moon) remained the same. But, we know that this is neither logical nor possible; and that there might have been all sorts of people born during these 51 hours, when the mutual disposition of the Moon and Mars remained the same and generating Sunfa Yoga (some of them would have been poor, some would have been failures and some would have had happy family life etc.).
Does this mean that there is absolutely no rational and use of such principles/rules propounded by the Hon’ble Sages?
No, this is not what I intend to say; and, there is definitely some relevancy as well as usefulness of these principles. The only requirement is to understand it appropriately in place of making quick and straight forwarded conclusions.
In order to comprehend this properly, first we need to know the importance as well as limitations of analyzing Moon Chart. The planet Moon is related with emotions and imagination. And, these qualities are related to the right side of the brain. There are twelve signs of the zodiac (Aries, Taurus, Gemini, etc.) and the sign occupied by the Moon (at the time of birth of a person) is called the Moon sign (Chandra Rashi). The disposition of the Moon in a specific zodiac sign provides general and basic idea about the mind, emotions, feelings and personality of the person; however, for confirmation or minute analysis of these aspects, we need to see the corroboration/validation from the Lagna Chart. For example, if the first house of Lagna chart is well disposed; the positive influence of Moon’s disposition in a specific zodiac/house will be acting in support. On the contrary, if the first house/lord is weak/disturbed/badly disposed; the positive influence of Moon’s disposition may remain quite limited. Similarly, when we are analyzing the potency as well as applicability of any Yoga (generated on the basis of Moon’s Chart) – we need to validate it via respective houses of a natal chart.
For example, the financial results of Sunfa Yoga being generated in Steve Job’s horoscope are to be validated through disposition of first house (corroborating for the Moon) and through second and eleventh houses (corroborating for financial prospects). And, the preference/weight is to be given to Natal Chart over Moon Chart and the Yogas generated on the basis of Moon’s disposition.
The rationale behind these observations is that the key feature of the Universe is Uniqueness; no two things are same, though sometimes they may apparently look similar. And, using only Moon Sign to analyze and conclude anything will end up in twelve different categories. On the other hand, the truth is that every Human Being is different from other in almost all aspects. The apparent position of Moon in a specific sign does reflect some specific features and significations (as mentioned above); but there are still a lot many other things to be taken into consideration while analyzing the significations related with moon i.e. Emotions, imagination and many other. Conclusively, any analysis being done only on the basis of Moon’s disposition is not sufficient for analyzing the whole aspect of a horoscope; and, that the results of such Yogas are to be validated after thorough examination of other relevant factors.
After describing these four specific combinations (based upon mutual disposition of the Moon with other planets); the Sage mentions about yogas based upon mutual disposition of the Sun with other planets (Verse 8 of Phaladeepika). And, in these Yogas too, the planets Moon, Rahu and Ketu are excluded to be considered.
Shubhvesi Yoga: If one or more of these planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn) is placed in second house from the Sun; this will generate Shubhvesi Yoga. The person born with this Yoga is said to be good looking, happy, virtuous, religious, and patient; and, will be blessed with authority.
Shubhvasi Yoga: If one or more of these planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn) is placed in twelfth house from the Sun; this will form Shubhvasi Yoga and confer attractive physique to the native. He will be philanthropist in nature, will enjoy favor of the king (government and authorities) and will be popular and famous.
Ubhaychari Yoga: If both second as well as twelfth houses from the Sun are occupied by one or more of these planets (Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus or Saturn); this will create Ubhaychari Yoga. Native born with Ubhaychari Yoga in his horoscope is said to be a good orator, famous and wealthy; and, will have well-proportioned body.
Thereafter, the Sage further clarifies about the nature of these Yogas. If auspicious planets are involved in the formation of above mentioned Yogas; there will be auspicious and positive results of Shubhvesi, Shubhvasi and Shubha (auspicious) Ubhaychari Yoga. However, if malefic planets are involved in the formation of these Yogas; in that case these Yogas should be referred as Pap-vesi, Pap-vasi and Pap-Ubhaychari. Pap means Sin which, hereinafter, refers to the nature of these Yogas (when malefic planets are involved) being inauspicious for the person in whose horoscope these yogas are being formed.
Subsequently, a person having Papvesi Yoga (malefic planet placed in second house from the Sun) is said to be dull and lacking in brilliance. He will be evil minded, will speak evil about others; and, will have bad company. The results of Papvasi Yoga are also quite similar to Papvesi Yoga; the native born in Papvasi Yoga will speak evil about others, deceptive in nature, befriends evil persons, and behave in an impertinent manner under pretext of religious texts. Person born in Pap- Ubhaychari Yoga is told to be uneducated, poor and hapless. He may suffer from tensions and anxiety; and, may also be notorious.
The actual results of these Yogas (based upon the mutual disposition of the Sun with other planets) will, however, be seen on the same lines as mentioned for Sunfa etc. Yogas; and, the preference should be given to the respective planetary dispositions of relevant houses and planets. The hon’ble Sage Mantreshwara also mentions about this aspect in Verse 11 of this chapter; and, clarifies that absolute results of these yogas may not be necessarily taking place and that one should be taking the epitome in place of literal meaning.
There are no specific indications as to which planets are to be considered auspicious or otherwise for considering these Sun based yogas; although, as per my limited understanding of vedic astrology, I opine that the planets Mars and Saturn are to be considered inauspicious; while, the Jupiter and Venus are to be considered auspicious. The role of Mercury, in my understanding, should be neutral; although, some learned astrologers may have different opinion about this.
In verse 8 of this chapter; the hon’ble Sage mentioned about some more yogas (planetary combinations) based upon planetary dispositions in second and twelfth houses from the first house of natal/Lagna Chart.
If both the second and twelfth houses from the first house are occupied by inauspicious planets; this will form Papkatri Yoga and the native having this yoga will be poor, miserable, physically challenged, unholy and short lived. He may be deprived of happiness from wife and son.
Shubhakatri Yoga will be formed if auspicious planets are occupying second and twelfth houses of the natal/Lagna chart; and, the person born with this yoga will be long lived, wealthy and happy. He will possess good physique and will enjoy safety from diseases as well as enemies.
If the second house of Lagna/Natal chart is occupied by an auspicious planet (which should be safe from any inauspicious planetary aspect/influence); this will generate Sushubh Yoga (an auspicious combination). Person born with this yoga is said to be religious, happy, fortunate, wealthy, good natured and is favored by the king (government/authorities).
The actual results of these yogas will, however, also depend upon the disposition of first and ninth houses as well as the lord of second house and operating planetary dasa. Like, in Ben Affleck horoscope, the second house is tenanted by the union of Sun, Mercury and Ketu of which both Sun and Ketu are cruel planets and causing affliction to Mercury; and, thereby generating Papkatri Yoga to some extent. However, the lord of second house i.e. Moon is well disposed in fifth house; and, the first house is occupied by Venus (prime supportive planet for Gemini Ascendant) having mutual aspect relationship with strongly disposed Jupiter (occupying seventh house in its own zodiac sign). And, due to these supportive planetary influences, the negative influences of disturbed planetary disposition of the second house remained limited and allowed him to achieve success and fame.
Covering the whole series of Astrology Yogas won’t be possible in one article; and, therefore, I will be continuing the rest of the Yogas in upcoming articles.